THE Northern Areas of Pakistan have ideal climatic conditions for cultivation of diverse plant species. Major parts of the area has temperate climate where herbs of medicinal value and field crops requiring low temperatures can grow. More than 180 herbs, including black cumin grow in the wild in Astore valley, which is the hub of Cumin (Zeera). The Mediterranean climate is most suitable for its growth. The seeds need 2 to 5 °C (36 to 41 °F) for emergence, an optimum of 20–30 °C (68–86 °F) is suggested.